Unique operation in Russia: the patient began to speak after the transplantation of the trachea and a part of larynx

The world's first joint medical team from Sweden and Russia held a transplantation of artificial trachea and part of larynx, using the patient's own cells.

This operation was made possible by the federal project to attract leading scientists in the Russian universities, known as "Megagrant." Those who made this incredible operation, won a grant of the Russian government.

The operation lasted more than 5 hours. Surgeons removed bit by bit, first destroyed the trachea, and then put in its place bioprosthesis. Hard work was preceded by a more thorough preparation.

Scientists and physicians have been preparing for nearly six months of transplantation. Especially for the day they created a unique technology. On the eve of operation day the doctors have tried to calculate the minute the upcoming surgery, because near the site of the cut are the vocal cords, which can not hurt. For how is going the world's first transplant of an artificial trachea and the larynx, following surgeons, who came from different countries.

For Russia, this is a unique experience – before the country's only transplantation was the donor trachea. This is dangerous, and had to wait long for a suitable organ. Now they create in the laboratory. The flexible and resilient skeleton is made of synthetic material, of similar manufacture plastic bottles.

The material used to create this framework – rather resilient and flexible to the trachea were not fixed. Frame manufactured to individual measures taken with the patient. Then he was placed in a bioreactor, where the patient's own cells treated, extracted from her bone marrow. Two days later, on a frame formed a living tissue. Watch this clock. In the clean room is not even trying to talk, communicate in sign language. Constructed in this way authority is practically no different from the present.

There is no one risk of rejection, because this stuff is absolutely comparable to the patient's body. So no need to take immunosuppressive drugs.

More videos at: http://www.eurolab.ua/news/global/47327/

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