ZAUERBRUH Ferdinand (1875-1951) – German surgeon, a pioneer of thoracic surgery.
In 1904 F. Zauerbruh. and J. Mikulicz carried transpleural thoracotomy in the gradient (difference) pressures. Camera has been designed to perform a thoracotomy in the clinic. The chamber is a sealed room in which the body of the operated patients (up to the neck), there was placed the entire surgical staff. The camera produced a reduced pressure, thereby avoiding the decay of the light of surgical patients after opening the pleural cavity. F. Zauerbruh with I. Mikulic and Willy Anschuetz (1870-1954 gg.) After a long series of tragic setbacks at last the experiment succeeded, with a favorable outcome to remove a tumor of mediastinum. In essence, this marked the beginning of the era of lung surgery. Due to the new method developed by F. Zauerbruh. and J. Mikulicz, and (most importantly) completely safe way to wide opening the chest. Since 1905 surgery to open the chest clinic I. Mikulich moved into the category of daily operations. It soon developed radical surgery for lung cancer, tuberculosis, diseases of the esophagus and pathological processes, localized in the mediastinum.
In autumn 1910 F. Zauerbruh built a new, much more advanced camera for open chest operations. This camera with built-in devices made it possible to vary the pressure levels in a wide range.
In addition, F. Zauerbruh improving tools used for operations on the chest, much concerned with anesthesia. As anesthesia means he used ether vapor mixed with oxygen, filed under increased pressure.
In 1914, with the outbreak of World War II, F. Zauerbruh becomes a military surgeon of the German army. Prior to the new exigencies Zauerbruh got another problem: the lost limb prosthetics. In addition, Zauerbruh develops so-called preparatory operations on the cult of the shoulder, in the tissues that form the channel ("Zauerbruh’s channel "), allowing to use of the residual strength of muscles of the stump and fine precise movements of the artificial fingers.
In the university surgical clinic in Munich in 1918, F. Zauerbruh has often performed lung operations, so as the operations on the heart. He was accompanied by success in interventions in the tubular heart and for heart aneurysm.
Ferdinand Zauerbruh must be considered one of the pioneers of cardiac surgery.
In 1927 the scientist moves to Berlin and started working at the famous Charité hospital.
During the outbreak of World War II, F. Zauerbruh was no longer young, his age approaching 70 years old. After the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945, the Charite Hospital started its work in the old premises, and F. Zauerbruh again headed the surgery department, working in conditions of the Allied forces of occupied Germany.
He died in Berlin on July 2, 1951.